Bien, bueno, buen

1bien, buen, bueno.jpg

I’ve noticed that Spanish students sometimes get confused by these words. So, let’s have a review on them!

➔ BIEN
Bien is an adverb, it means that it describes a verb.
bien = well

[verb + bien]

  • Mi mamá cocina muy bien. – My mom cooks very well. 
  • Tienes que hacerlo bien. – You have to do it well.
  • No hablo español muy bien.I don’t speak Spanish very well. 

[bien + verb participle]
In this case, the verb has to be in participle.

  • Esta casa está bien construída. – This house is well built.
  • Me gusta la carne bien cocida. – I like the meat well cooked.
  • Quiero el trabajo bien hecho. – I want the work well done. 

➔ BUENO & BUEN
Bueno is an adjective, it means that it describes a noun.
Buen comes from bueno. It is the same thing but it’s used in a different way.
bueno/buen = good

Adjectives have to match nouns, so they can also be masculine, feminine, singular and plural.

bueno (sing. masc.)
buena (sing. fem.)
buenos (pl. masc.)
buenas (pl. fem.)

When bueno is after the noun.

  • Él es un hombre bueno. – He is a good man.
  • Esa película es muy buena. – That movie is really good.
  • Estos zapatos son muy buenos. – These shoes are really good.
  • Las frutas son buenas para tu salud. – Fruits are good for your health.

When bueno is before the noun, it becomes buen.

  • Quiero leer un buen libro. – I want to read a good book. 
  • Ella es una muy buena amiga. – She is a very good friend.
  • Necesito unos buenos pantalones. – I need some good jeans. 
  • Luis siempre tiene buenas ideas. – Luis always has good ideas. 

Notice that when the adj. goes after the noun, we can place verbs and adverbs in between. “Esa película es muy buena
When the adj. is before the noun, we can’t divide them.

Extra:

Expression.
Sometimes we use bien as muy (very). It goes before an adjective.

  •  La escuela está bien lejos de mi casa. – The school is very far from my house.
  • Esas flores están bien bonitas. – Those flowers are very pretty. 
  • Estos libros están bien pesados. – This books are very heavy. 

This use of bien is very colloquial, informal and natural in common conversations. For formal situations always use muy. 

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